Video Article Open Access

Controlled Growth of High-Quality Graphene Films: Manipulating the Crystal Orientation via Chemical Vapor Deposition

Luzhao Sun1,*, Zhongfan Liu1,2

1Beijing Graphene Institute (BGI), Beijing, 100095, China

2Peking University, Beijing, 100086, China

Vid. Proc. Adv. Mater., Volume 3, Article ID 2206299 (2022)

DOI: 10.5185/vpoam.2022.06299

Publication Date (Web): 27 Nov 2022

Copyright © IAAM

Graphical Abstract


Graphene has garnered widespread interest and confer remarkable potential for next-generation technological applications, which relies on the controllable preparation of high-quality graphene films. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is considered the most promising method, and great progress has been achieved over the last decade. Currently, this field is being pushed to new heights that pursuit structure control (e.g., orientation, layer, stacking order, contamination, doping, etc.) and low-cost production (e.g., increasing the production capacity and growth rate) [1,2]. In this talk, I will introduce our recent works on controlled growth of high-quality graphene films via CVD approach, especially on controlling the crystallographic orientation of graphene. By designing and preparing single-crystal Cu(111) foils, we have opportunities in realizing the epitaxial growth of large-area single-crystal graphene film [3,4]. We designed and constructed a pilot-scale CVD system suitable for producing A3-size graphene films, which works well and output high-quality graphene films with high capacity. In another hand, we also explore the possibility on controlling the layer number and stacking order, which is motivated by the emerging twistronics. Here I will present our state-of-the-art hetero-site nucleation method for growing twisted bilayer graphene (tBLG) [5]. Gas-flow perturbation and switching of the graphene edge termination play crucial roles in triggering the formation of interlayer twist. The growth mechanism is carefully investigated by using an isotope-labelling technique. The as-obtained tBLGs show high crystalline quality, which is confirmed by the Raman spectra, atomically clear Moiré patterns in TEM image and ultrahigh carrier mobility (68,000 cm2 V−1 s−1 at room temperature).


Chemical vapor deposition; single-crystal graphene, twisted bilayer graphene.


The authors acknowledge the support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Nos. T2188101, 52021006), Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Science (BNLMS-CXTD-202001), Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission (Nos. Z191100000819005, Z191100000819007, Z201100008720005), and Soochow University, Key Laboratory of Advanced Carbon Materials and Wearable Energy Technologies of Jiangsu Province (No. KJS2122).


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  5. L. Sun, Z. Wang, Y. Wang, L. Zhao, Y. Li, B. Chen, S. Huang, S. Zhang, W. Wang, D. Pei, H. Fang, S. Zhong, H. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Tong, Y. Chen, Z. Li, M. H. Rümmeli, K. S. Novoselov, H. Peng, L. Lin, Z. Liu, Nat. Commun. 2021, 12, 2391.


Luzhao Sun is a research fellow in Beijing Graphene Institute, China. He received his B.S. in Information Display and Opto-Electronic Technology from University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC) in 2015, and his Ph.D. degree in physical chemistry from Peking University in 2020. Dr. Sun’s current research interests focus on chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-based graphene film, especially on controlled growth of graphene regarding domain size, layer number, stacking order, doping and strain. He has issued over 20 patents, published over 30 peer-reviewed journal papers and authored several book chapters. The number of citations is over 1200 times and his present h-index is 20 (Google Scholar). He is an Advisory Board Member with Materials Today Electronics.

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