Video Article Open Access

Contributions from Composite Lightweight Engineering towards A Climate-Efficient Economy

Robert Böhm

Faculty of Engineering, Leipzig University of Applied Sciences, Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 134, 04277 Leipzig, Germany

Vid. Proc. Adv. Mater., Volume 2, Article ID 2021-02111 (2021)

DOI: 10.5185/vpoam.2021.02111

Publication Date (Web): 21 Mar 2021

Copyright © IAAM


Abstract


Lightweight engineering is a key technology on the way to achieve the EU 2030 targets that aim at least 40% cuts in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels, at least 32% share for renewable energy, at least 32.5% improvement in energy efficiency, and 80% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Therefore, an urgent need is present for a deep market transformation by deploying efficient materials and technologies for different sectors like the automotive industry, the aerospace industry, wind energy and the construction sector [1]. Composite materials play a major role within that transformation process since they unite extraordinary properties with a low weight. The award lecture gives an overview about recent developments in the field of composite lightweight engineering. Using examples of promising developments such as carbon concrete composites [2], multifunctional carbon fibre composites from renewable resources [2,3], and novel textile composites for automotive applications [4]. Beyond that, scientific and industrial efforts to increase the lifetime of composite products are discussed. This includes in particular the use of predictive modelling for a degradation forecast of the material properties [5-7], the development of novel experimental methods [8,9], and diagnostics technologies for structural monitoring [10].

References


  1. Koumoulos, E.P.; Trompeta, A.-F.; Santos, R.M.; Martins, M.; dos Santos, C.M.; Iglesias, V.; Böhm, R.; Gong, G.; Chiminelli, A.; Verpoest, I.; Kiekens, P.; Charitidis, C.A.: Research and Development in Carbon Fibres & Advanced High-Performance Composites Supply Chain in Europe: A roadmap for Challenges and the Industrial Uptake. Journal of Composites Science 3 (2019), DOI:10.3390/jcs3030086.
  2. Böhm, R.; Thieme, M.; Wohlfahrt, D.; Wolz, D.S.; Richter, B.; Jäger, H.: Reinforcement systems for carbon concrete composites based on low-cost carbon fibers. Fibers 6 (2018), 56; DOI:10.3390/fib6030056.
  3. Jäger, H.; Cherif, C.; Kirsten, M.; Behnisch, T.; Wolz, D.; Böhm, R.; Gude, M.: Influence of processing parameters on the properties of carbon fibres – an overview. Materials Science and Engineering Technology 47 (2016) pp. 1044-1057.
  4. Hufenbach, W.; Böhm, R.; Thieme, M.; Winkler, A.; Mäder, E.; Rausch, J.; Schade, M.: Polypropylene/glass fibre 3D-textile reinforced composites for automotive applications. Materials & Design 32 (2011), pp. 1468-1476.
  5. Zscheyge, M.; Gerritzen, J.; Hornig, A.; Böhm, R.; Gude, M.: Rate dependent non-linear mechanical behaviour of continuous fibre-reinforced thermoplastic composites – Experimental characterisation and viscoelastic-plastic damage modelling. Materials & Design, 193, (2020), 108827.
  6. Böhm, R.; Gude, M.; Hufenbach, W.: A phenomenologically based damage model for 2D and 3D-textile composites with non-crimped reinforcement. Materials & Design 32 (2011), pp. 2532-2544
  7. Böhm, R.; Gude, M.; Hufenbach, W.: A phenomenologically based damage model for textile composites with crimped reinforcement. Composites Science and Technology, 70 (2010), pp. 81-87.
  8. Böhm, R.; Stiller, J.; Behnisch, T.; Zscheyge, M.; Radloff, S.; Gude, M.; Hufenbach, W.: A quantitative comparison of the capabilities of in situ computed tomography and conventional computed tomography for damage analysis of composites. Composites Science and Technology 110 (2015), pp. 62-68.
  9. Böhm, R.; Hufenbach, W.: Experimentally based strategy for damage analysis of textile-reinforced composites under static loading. Composites Science and Technology 70 (2010), pp. 1330-1337.
  10. Weck, D.; Sauer, S.; Adam, F.; Starke, E.; Böhm, R.; Modler, N.: Embedded sensor networks for textile-reinforced thermoplastics: sensor network design and mechanical composite performance. Advanced Engineering Materials 18 (2016) pp. 444-451.

Biography


Affiliation

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Robert Böhm

Professor for Composite Lightweight Engineering

Faculty of Engineering

HTWK Leipzig

PF 30 11 66, 04251 Leipzig, Germany

Scientific Career and Education

Since 2020      Professor for Composite Lightweight Engineering at HTWK Leipzig

2018-2020      Scientific coordinator of the “Research Center Carbon Fibers Saxony” (RCCF) at TU Dresden

11/2017          Dresden Excellence Award 2017 for outstanding research

2017-2020      Principal Investigator at the Institute for Lightweight Engineering and Polymer Technology (ILK) at TU Dresden

06/2017          Venia Legendi (Privatdozent) awarded by the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at TU Dresden

03-04/2017     Research Professor at the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Institute of Advanced Composite Materials, Jeonbuk (Korea)

02/2017          Habilitation in the field of “Lightweight Engineering” at TU Dresden

2015-2020      Freelancer at GWT-TUD GmbH Dresden

2014-2020      Head of the Research Group “Carbon Fibres”, Institute of Lightweight Engineering and Polymer Technology, TU Dresden

2008-2020      Head of the Research Group “Material Models”, Institute of Lightweight Engineering and Polymer Technology, TU Dresden

2008-2010      Several DAAD research visits at the University of Oxford (UK), Solid Mechanics & Materials Engineering Group

2008-2014      Lectureship within the ERASMUS Programme at TU Riga (Latvia)

2008               PhD Thesis, TU Dresden, summa cum laude

2004-2015      Freelancer at Leichtbau-Zentrum Sachsen GmbH Dresden

2002-2010      Research Associate at the Institute of Lightweight Engineering and Polymer Technology, TU Dresden

2001-2002      Research Associate at Institute of Mechanics and Computational Mechanics, Leibniz University Hanover (Germany)

2000                EU Intensive Programme “Monitoring, Protection and Strengthening of European Building Heritage”, University of Florence (Italy)

1996-2001       Study of Civil Engineering at TU Dresden (Germany), Field of Study: Structural Engineering - Mechanics

Publications and Presentations

Number of publications: 128

Number of invited presentations: 38 h-Index: 16 (Google Scholar)

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